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Civil War in Tipton County

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Maney’s brigade at Chickamauga


John Green Hall (9th Tennessee) of Covington never forgot the carnage of Chickamauga. At a Confederate memorial service held at Mt. Carmel during the 1870’s, he lamented the losses:

“At noon, our regiment numbers 345 muskets (plus 23 officers). At three o’clock, we enter the potash field. At four o’clock, we are still there. At 20 minutes past four, we retire bleeding and shattered, but undaunted. We leave on that fatal field 205 (211) of our comrades. From our company, now reduced to about 45, rank and file, we leave eight dead upon that field…”

In his report, Col. Geo. C. Porter, gave honorable mention of several men in Tipton’s 9th Tennessee:

Capt. J. B. Locke, Co. C, “exemplary courage & determination” (commanding Co. C but not from Tipton); James Holmes Cummins; William Holmes; Sgt. John Sweet; Lt. William Young; Lt. Nute McMullin; color bearer M. C. Hooks; Capt. Junius Leroy Hall, Co. H. Cheatham’s division remained in line of battle during the night of Sept. 19.

Sept. 20, 1863

Following the death of Gen. Preston Smith, Col. A. J. Vaughan assumed command of Smith’s brigade including Tipton’s soldiers in the 154th Tennessee. Vaughan’s brigade was held in reserve on this day but subjected to heavy artillery fire.

Later in the day, Tipton’s men in the 6th and 9th Tennessee, Maney’s brigade, resumed fighting. The brigade was ordered to advance to the support of Gen. Lucius Polk’s men of Gen. Patrick Cleburne’s division. (Polk and Cleburne had served at Randolph together in 1861.) This movement took Maney’s troops about 300 yards to the right toward the enemy’s position near Chattanooga Road. Together, these brigades drove the Federals into a thick wood. Gen. Marcus Wright’s brigade (including Tipton’s men in the 51st Tennessee) came up in support.

Tipton’s soldiers of the 4th and 5th Tennessee Consolidated, Gen. O. F. Strahl’s brigade, suffered the least of the county’s companies at Chickamauga. The “Tipton Rifles,” 4th Tennessee, along with Strahl’s other regiments were subjected to a heavy artillery bombardment for about an hour suffering two killed and several wounded from 10–11 a.m. About one o’clock the command marched north by the right flank about one half mile and formed line of battle; then by the right flank to the northeast about a mile and again formed line of battle; subjected to light artillery. The command was ordered to advance about one half mile where it halted and bivouacked for the night. Col. Jonathan J. Lamb commanding the four and 5th Tennessee, reported a loss of three men killed and 30 wounded during the battle.

On the Union center, Gen. William Roscrans had withdrawn troops without replacing them. Into this gap charged the troops commanded by Gen. James Longstreet. Two thirds of the Federals were routed and driven in panic back to Chattanooga. Troops under Gen. George Thomas withdrew from Snodgrass Hill at sunset. Gen. Longstreet wrote:

“The Army of Tennessee knew how to win its first grand victory, beginning at the moment when the two wings came together, there on the reverse slopes of the hilly spur from which the Yankees had just been driven, and continuing into the night with a tremendous swell of heroic harmony…”

Chickamauga Continued

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